drug-awareness

Stigma and Substance Use Disorders

Stigma associated with substance use disorders is strong in the US, yet research aiming to understand and address this form of stigma is limited. Our lab is working on several projects related to stigma and substance use.

stigma-based-bullying

Stigma-Based Bullying

Some work suggests that bullying due to stigma is worse than bullying not due to stigma.

hiv-stigma-framework

HIV Stigma Framework

I developed the HIV Stigma Framework with Dr. Stephenie Chaudoir to describe how HIV stigma is experienced by individual people living with and without HIV as a series of stigma mechanisms that impact their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

stigma-and-hiv-disparities

Stigma and HIV Disparities Model

In collaboration with Drs. Laura Bogart, Jack Dovidio, and David Williams, I developed the Stigma and HIV Disparities Model to describe how societal stigma related to race and ethnicity is associated with racial/ethnic HIV disparities via its manifestations at the structural level (e.g., residential segregation) as well as the individual level among perceivers (e.g., discrimination) and targets (e.g., internalized stigma).

stigma-mechanisms-in-health-disparities

Stigma Mechanisms in Health Disparities Model

This model describes ways in which social stigma is manifested at the sociocultural, interpersonal, and individual levels.

concealable-stimatized-identities

Concealable Stigmatized Identities Outcomes Model (CSI-Outcomes Model)

The CSI-Outcomes Model differentiates between two components of concealable stigmatized identities, including valenced content and magnitude, which we theorize are important for determining the impact of a concealable stigmatized identity on psychological, physical, and behavioral health outcomes.

chronic-illness

Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma Scale (CIASS)

The Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma Scale (CIASS) measures anticipated stigma (expectations of experiencing discrimination from others in the future) among people living with chronic illnesses. The CIASS differentiates between three sources of stigma within three subscales: friends and family, work colleagues, and healthcare workers.

sexual-stigma-scale

Sexual Stigma Scale for Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer Women

The Sexual Stigma Scale measures experiences of perceived stigma (awareness of negative attitudes toward one’s group) and enacted stigma (experiences of discrimination from others in the past or present) among lesbian, bisexual, and queer women.

stigma-and-substance-use-disorders

Substance Use Stigma Mechanisms Scale (SU-SMS)

The SU-SMS measures enacted stigma (experiences of discrimination from others in the past or present), anticipated stigma (expectations of experiencing discrimination from others in the future), and internalized stigma (endorsement and application of negative beliefs and feelings about people with substance use disorders and applying them to the self) among people living with substance use disorders.