https://earnshawlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/concealable-stimatized-identities.jpg 200 200 admin /wp-content/uploads/2016/08/University-of-Delaware-logo-black-300x122.png admin2015-09-18 16:40:002020-01-16 16:28:00Concealable Stigmatized Identities Outcomes Model (CSI-Outcomes Model)
The CSI-Outcomes Model differentiates between two components of concealable stigmatized identities, including valenced content and magnitude, which we theorize are important for determining the impact of a concealable stigmatized identity on psychological, physical, and behavioral health outcomes.
https://earnshawlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Health-Stigma-and-Discrimination-small.jpg 200 259 admin /wp-content/uploads/2016/08/University-of-Delaware-logo-black-300x122.png admin2015-09-17 16:30:002020-01-18 03:48:31Health Stigma and Discrimination Framework
Health-related stigma frameworks typically focus on one health condition in isolation. This tendency encourages a siloed approach to research on health-related stigma, impeding comparisons across stigmatized conditions and research on innovations to reduce health-related stigma and improve health outcomes.
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I developed the HIV Stigma Framework with Dr. Stephenie Chaudoir to describe how HIV stigma is experienced by individual people living with and without HIV as a series of stigma mechanisms that impact their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
https://earnshawlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Mental-illness-stigma-framework-small.jpg 200 286 admin /wp-content/uploads/2016/08/University-of-Delaware-logo-black-300x122.png admin2015-09-15 17:52:002020-01-18 03:50:02Mental Illness Stigma Framework
There has been a proliferation of research on mental illness stigma; however, lack of consistency and clarity in the conceptualization and measurement of mental illness stigma has limited the accumulation of scientific knowledge about mental illness stigma and its consequences.
https://earnshawlab.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/stigma-and-hiv-disparities.jpg 200 200 admin /wp-content/uploads/2016/08/University-of-Delaware-logo-black-300x122.png admin2015-09-14 17:02:002020-01-16 16:40:47Stigma and HIV Disparities Model
In collaboration with Drs. Laura Bogart, Jack Dovidio, and David Williams, I developed the Stigma and HIV Disparities Model to describe how societal stigma related to race and ethnicity is associated with racial/ethnic HIV disparities via its manifestations at the structural level (e.g., residential segregation) as well as the individual level among perceivers (e.g., discrimination) and targets (e.g., internalized stigma).
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This model describes ways in which social stigma is manifested at the sociocultural, interpersonal, and individual levels.